Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin. It is destroyed in heat also when exposed in air. It is white crystal and soluble in water. Vitamin C and all of the B vitamins, such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, B-6, B-12, biotin, folate and pantothenic acid, are water-soluble vitamins. The Vitamins: Fundamental Aspects in Nutrition and Health, Fifth Edition, provides the latest coverage of the biochemistry and physiology of vitamins and vitamin-like substances. Vitamin B2 Sources: Green beans, asparagus, bananas, peas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, egg albumin, fish, liver etc. It contains cobalt. stream CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Vitamins are classified according to their ability to be absorbed in fat or water 1. ",#(7),01444'9=82. The fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E, and . amzn_assoc_title = "Shop Your Products"; Vitamin B5 Sources: Whole-grain cereals, broccoli, avocados, royal jelly,  fish ovaries, meats, Milk, Eggs, Mushroom, sweet potatoes, kale, and other vegetables in the cabbage. 10 0 obj It is reddish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. vitamins belong to classes of organic compounds, the nomen- clature of which has been considered systematically else- where; for these vitamins the trivial names are given together with the systematic names in the appropriate Rules. Vitamins are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells, tissues and bones. endobj An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. Toxicity: Minimal side effects have been noted in adults taking supplements in doses less than 2000 mg/day. Vitamin A, E, K and D are fat soluble vitamins whereas, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, biotic and vitamin C are water soluble vitamins. 1 0 obj Fat Soluble Vitamins: these are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. Fat-soluble vitamins: If vitamins are soluble in a fat solvent such as ether, chloroform, benzene, carbon, tetrachloride etc, then they are known as fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin A Sources: It is found in cod liver oil, halibut liver oil, milk, butter, eggs, fishes, Meat, Carrots, spinach, mango, tomatoes, Dark-colored fruit, and dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, butter, and cream. Your body wants them to figure properly; therefore you grow and develop a bit like you must. Vitamin is an organic compound which is found in the food in variable and minute quantity and must be supplied to the animal organism from the external sources. �C�JS+B�'�ɢF�E�eIRFy����XE�.^Ȩ"��4��E���%���� �=2(׀m#ϦX�O@��0X���z�O��X��fe��2QV�x����t��(�];��/���m���I�4"������w��Xj��� ����)a@Y0j��d~�4r�y2���g��/r��VhrV��������.�re���ɲ��O���u�(٦��vHrU7s:��JIeh"zJf;t#�ɻ�!T�(쐫�����v(������ �C���c�=���l�j;: t"B��Ӝj�{F��S��7qEu���&�*8*E^�6��2ك�'*&��`�����+ c=c_�is��s����Q�ܹ0� OΟi�K��ߚy+������J�^�=egƬ��D��j2�k��r|\e��p��i�B�vV{�z�p�q�����$R�/��giȕTCAW?�+á� ����w@�)U"�CQC������X��U�{>F��������6�w@�gL��3b��8vJF�Ou;m��n��ĸ�&���Lੜs�� ��� 3;� ����o(��φ5��}�G,�q�{)9��m�v���=������ Vitamins. Fat-Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat-soluble. Vitamins are classified several different ways, according to how they travel through your body and the various roles they play in keeping you healthy. Fig. It is colorless crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. SUBJECT Guidelines for the Classification of Vitamins and Minerals as Drug Or as Food The National Drug Committee (NDC) in a letter dated August 5, 1991 has recommended to BEAD the guidelines for the classification of vitamins and minerals as food or as drug. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; • A vitamin is: – An organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates and proteins – Natural component of foods, present in minute amounts – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute 9 0 obj 2. amzn_assoc_title = "My Amazon Picks"; Ascorbic acid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. There are 13 vitamins essential to the body. It is water soluble, an essential vitamin which plays an important role in maintaining a healthy metabolism of fatty acids, glucose, and amino acids. vitamin deficiency diseases were common in developed and developing countries. Vitamins : Classification, Functions and Deficiency Symptoms The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk i n 1912. endobj If you eat a varied, well-balanced diet that includes foods from all food groups, you are likely to get all or most of the vitamins … <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> FREE Papers (PDFs) Mock Test & PDFs; Previous Year Papers; Discussion Forum; More. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; Vitamin C in oranges aids our body to heal if we get any … Energy is the primary requirement for performing various activities. Vitamins are of two types and they are mentioned below: amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Xerophthalmia clinical classification and diagnosis 8 XN Night blindness 9 X1A, X1B Conjunctival xerosis and Bitot’s spot 9 X2 Corneal xerosis 11 X3A, X3B Corneal ulceration/keratomalacia 11 XS Scars 12 ... Vitamin A, or retinol, is a fat-soluble substance found in liver Vitamins are organic compounds, found in natural foods which are required for normal growth and maintenance of the body. CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Vitamins are classified according to their ability to be absorbed in fat or water 1. Vitamin B7 Sources: Egg yolks, liver, tomatoes, nuts, soybeans, whole grains, yeast, peanuts, leafy green vegetables etc. Vitamins: Vitamins help with chemical reactions in the body. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; endstream Vitamin Supplements. <> Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function, such as cell and tissue repair, production of cells, and healthy brain function. Each section of the plate represents a food group such as grains, protein, dairy, fruits, and vegetables. Daily Requirement of Vitamin A: 5000 IU in adult and 6000-8000 IU in children; It is also known as Calciferols. Vitamin B6 Sources: Liver, egg yolk, yeast, kidney, Meats, bananas, dried beans, Peas, soybeans, cereals, vegetables, and nuts, Avocado. It is heat-stable. Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat-soluble. %���� Vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in extracellular fluids. If it does not cover your specific item in detail you can search for it in the Trade Tariff Tool. It is a yellowish water-soluble vitamin. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Demystifying nutrition: the value of food, vitamins and supplements Longwood Seminars, March 5, 2013 The following content is provided by Harvard Health Publications Putting multivitamins to the test Many studies have looked at the effect of vitamin and mineral supplements on disease, but the evidence has never been convincing. It is heat-stable. amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; amzn_assoc_region = "US"; amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "shoes"; 11 0 obj We get energy from the food we eat. It helps the production of RBC (red blood cells)  and is important for body growth. endobj Definition and Classification of Surfactants4 Some compounds, like short-chain fatty acids, are amphiphilic or amphi-pathic, i.e., they have one part that has an affinity for nonpolar media and one part that has an affinity for polar media. However, suboptimal intake of vitamin E is relatively common. Vitamins are organic molecules essential for proper metabolism that must be obtained from the diet. Bile salts and fats are needed for their absorption. 3. Catalase Catalase enzyme (CAT) is found in the blood and most of the living cells and decomposes H2O2 into water and oxygen (6.2). The thirteen different kinds of vitamins required for effective functioning of the human body may be classified into two categories namely water and fat-soluble vitamins. It is yellow colored oily substance, soluble in fat solvents but insoluble in water. It keeps your nerve healthy, gets energy by the body from food and helps blood to clot properly. 1.Vitamins — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards 3.Trace elements — standards Daily Requirement of Vitamin B1: 1.1-1.2 mg. <> Vitamin E Sources: Fish such as sardines, Egg, egg yolk, milk, butter, Seeds and nuts, Papaya and mango, Wheat germ, wheat germ oil, sunflower oil, spinach,  lettuce, broccoli, alfa-alfa, asparagus, turnip greens etc. The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk in 1912. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS 10.3 B-COMPLEX VITAMINS Eight of the water-soluble vitamins are known as the vitamin B-complex group: �O%�(�fc�����s(O� You need vitamin C to protect all cells and to help your immune system work efficiently, while all of the B vitamins rely on each other to metabolize nutrients from the foods you eat. They are required in very small quantities but cannot be synthesized by the body itself, and can only be sourced from outside.. CHLORIDE. Coenzyme classification Coenzymes are part of the active site of the enzyme; they supply reactive groups that are not available on the side chains of the amino acids. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; It is water soluble and acts as a precursor of coenzyme A. 1. amzn_assoc_linkid = "8176995fc60e05367dcce2a1fda714d5"; Vitamin Classification. Posted by Amit Pundir December 21, 2015 Leave a comment on SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. Your body doesn’t produce these vitamins and minerals on its own, and while you can get most of these from a supplement, your body reacts better when these vitamins and minerals come from food. Vitamin Classification. VITAMINS CLASSIFICATION VITAMINSWater soluble vitamins include ii) Fat soluble vitamins include Vitamin C also called citric acid Vitamin A ( Retinol) Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin D Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) D2 (Ergocalciferol) D3 (Cholicalciferol) Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin E (Tocoferol) Vitamin B12 … amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; It is an oily compound soluble in the fat solvent but insoluble in water. Vitamins are usually designated by selected letters of the alphabet, as in vitamin D or vitamin C, though they are also designated by chemical names, such as niacin and folic acid. Water-soluble vitamins: Vitamin B-complex and vitamin C are water-soluble vitamins because they are soluble in water. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. Vitamins. endobj This guide will help you classify herbal medicines, supplements and tonics. ISBN 92 4 154612 3 (LC/NLM Classification… Biochemists traditionally separate them into two groups, the water-soluble vitamins and the fat-soluble vitamins. It enables the body to use carbohydrates as energy. You can find out more about: 1… Vitamin K is found in asparagus, safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver . 2. Back ; Search for: SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. 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